How to make a Christmas wreath – six steps to a beautiful, homemade masterpiece

Follow our easy Christmas craft step-by-step to making a stunning festive wreath for your front door
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  • Hanging a wreath on your front door not only creates a fabulous festive welcome for guests, but together with other outdoor Christmas decor ideas, it’s a great way to spread the Christmas cheer to everyone in your community. While you may have a wreath in your box of Christmas decorations, there’s nothing better than a fresh wreath made from real foliage. And believe us when we say they’re easier to make yourself than you think!

    The soaring popularity of wreath workshops shows we’re all keen to learn how to make a Christmas wreath. We’ve broken it down into six easy steps so you can make your own at home.

    So gather what you need, turn up the Christmas tunes, and make your own unique Christmas wreath that’s perfect for your front door.

    What do you need to make a Christmas wreath?

    how to make a Christmas wreath all you need

    image credit: Future

    When it comes to foliage and flowers, we recommend traditional spruce as the main element in your wreath. For the other bits you need, most should be available at your local garden centre, or you can get everything but the greenery on Amazon or at Hobbycraft.

    To make this Christmas wreath you will need:

    How to make a Christmas wreath – step by step

    1. Collect your foliage

    Spruce or fir is the main element you need as its evergreen and will last. For this you can use trimmings from your Christmas tree, or cut some from your garden. Your local florist will likely sell branches or pop to your nearest Christmas tree seller and ask if you can have some of their offcuts. For the filler foliage, eucalyptus is always a winner, as well as branches or bay or rosemary. You could grab a few supermarket bouquets, and use the greenery and flowers from these for your wreath.

    For a fuller wreath, supplement your stems with extras cut from your garden or forage some on winter walks in the countryside. Birch branches, holly and ivy make pretty additions.

    Alternatively there’s the option to buy a readymade kit, as suggested above.

    basket of foraged foliage with a scattering of snow

    Image credit: Future

    2. Prepare your wreath ring

    First, attach the end of the wire spool to the metal frame by looping it round and twisting to secure. Leave the wire spool attached. Take a good handful of your natural moss, press it into a firm sausage shape. Place it onto the frame starting at 12 o’clock and wind the wire around it. Make sure to press the moss together so it forms a good, solid base.

    Pull the wire tightly as you wind it around, moving clockwise. Repeat with another handful of moss each time until you have covered the whole frame. Leave the spool of wire attached.

    Christmas wreath base covered in moss

    image credit: Future

    3. Trim your stems

    Add to the greenery with flower stems of your choice. Cut the stems so they’re 8-15cm long, and use the same principle as above to tie them into clusters of 3-4 different sprigs. You’ll need to make about roughly 18 grouped bundles to fill the wreath.

    How-to-make-a-Christmas-wreath-3

    Image credit: Bloom & Wild

    4. Overlay the moss with greenery

    Now it’s time to add the spruce, and any green foliage you’ve foraged, as long as it covers in abundance. Trim the foliage and gather a small bunch . Fan this out, and nestle in some of your other greenery like eucalyptus or other foliage (try scots pine, rosemary, heather, ivy, box, laurel, asparagus fern). Place the posy of foliage at the top of your wreath, pointed to 10 o’clock, with the stems on top of the moss base. Wrap the reel wire tightly around the stems and moss base to secure in place.

    Repeat this step, working clockwise around the wreath, never cutting the wire. Each time, making sure the foliage covers the stems from the previous bunch that you just attached. Continue until the whole moss base is covered with foliage, then wrap the wire around a couple of times, cut, and tuck the end into the wreath.

    Give the foliage on your wreath a fluff to spread out the branches and make sure it’s looking as full as possible. If you spot any areas that are looking a little sparse, cut some extra foliage and poke it in under the wire you’ve used to secure all the bunches to the wreath. You could also cut an extra piece of wire to secure additional mini posies of foliage.

    how to make a Christmas wreath

    Image credit: Future

    5. Personalise with decorations

    Once your foliage is all attached to the wreath it’s time for the fun part – decorations! When it comes to decorating there are so many options, whether you want to give it a glow up for a glam look, or like a more natural, organic feel. You could also use metallic spray paint to glam up foliage or decorations.

    Christmas wreath on red front door

    Image credit: Rachel Whiting

    Here are ideas of things you could use to decorate your wreath:

    • Baubles Replace hanging loops with florist’s wire to secure to the wreath
    • Cinnamon sticks Tie three together with string or ribbon, then loop wire through the string at the back and twist onto the foliage
    • Pine cones Take some wire and wrap it around the base of the pine cone. Twist the wire secure tightly and use the ends to fix in place
    • Fairy lights Weave a set of battery-powered fairy lights into the foliage for extra twinkle
    • Dried flowers Dried hydrangea heads or fern fronds look gorgeous nestled into a wreath
    • Feathers Pheasant feathers add pattern and interest to your Christmas wreath – simply poke them into the base
    Natural christmas wreath on a blue panelled wall

    Image credit: Future

    6. Finish with a bow

    Tie a bow on a flat surface. Bend a piece of stub wire in half so it looks a bit like a kirby grip. Slip it through the back of the bow’s central knot, position it on your wreath (at the top, the bottom or at a jaunty angle – it’s up to you!), then press the two ends of the stub wire at a downward angle so that they won’t slide out when the wreath is upright. Find the ends where they stick out and fold them down into the wreath to secure.

    The easiest way to hang your wreath on your front door is using a door hanger such as this one from Amazon. But the door isn’t the only place you could display your homemade wreath. There are plenty other Christmas wreath ideas you could use to decorate your home for the festive season.

    Your beautifully made wreath should last for at least 3 weeks. You can always remove and replace any sprigs of foliage that start to look a bit sad – prolonging its lifespan.

    natural christmas wreath on a blue door with pinecones and eucalyptus

    Image credit: Heather Young

    How do you make a Christmas wreath on a budget?

    It’s not hard to make a cheap wreath as you can gather most of the materials you need for free. Forage for your greenery in your garden or on common land, or ask your local tree supplier if they will give you some offcuts for free to keep costs down. Instead of a shop-bought wreath base, you could make your own from sturdy wire (or repurpose an old wire clothes hanger).

    Swap eucalyptus (which can be pricey at your local florist) for other types of foliage you might have growing in your garden such as herbs (sage leaves or rosemary). Sprigs of greenery from hedging such as laurel or box are also great for full and lush looking wreaths.

    Save foliage and greenery from other bouquets throughout the year, then dry it to re-use to make a Christmas wreath. Grasses, heathers, lavender and thyme all work well for an alternative wreath.

    Christmas wreath made from dried greenery

    Image credit: Future / Joanna Henderson

    What are the rules on foraging in the UK?

    When foraging it’s important to make sure you gather greenery for your wreath sustainably and responsibly and stay within the law. The countryside act states that foraging on common land for personal use is acceptable. Stick to paths to avoid trampling other areas, and only take what you need for your wreath. Cut off small branches and don’t uproot plants as this can damage them. It’s illegal in the UK to dig up or remove a plant from the land on which it is growing without permission from the landowner or occupier.

    Most Woodland Trust sites allow foraging for personal use but some sites are restricted so look out for signage.

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